Resources - IB Theatre - Director's Notebook - LibGuides at West Sound Academy
But apart from naming his hero Guido Anselmi, he still couldn't decide what his character did for a living. Raising a toast to the crew, he "felt overwhelmed by shame… I was in a no exit situation. I was a director who wanted to make a film he no longer remembers. And lo and behold, at that very moment everything fell into place.
I got straight to the heart of the film. I would narrate everything that had been happening to me. I would make a film telling the story of a director who no longer knows what film he wanted to make". When shooting began on 9 May , Eugene Walter recalled Fellini taking "a little piece of brown paper tape" and sticking it near the viewfinder of the camera. Fellini told her that he hoped to convey the three levels "on which our minds live: the past, the present, and the conditional - the realm of fantasy".
As with most Italian films of this period, the sound was entirely dubbed in afterwards; following a technique dear to Fellini, many lines of the dialogue were written only during post production, while the actors on the set mouthed random lines. Otto e mezzo marks the first time that actress Claudia Cardinale was allowed to dub her own dialogue; previously her voice was thought to be too throaty and, coupled with her Tunisian accent, was considered undesirable.
In September , Fellini shot the end of the film as initially written: Guido and his wife sit together in the restaurant car of a train bound for Rome.
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Lost in thought, Guido looks up to see all the characters of his film smiling ambiguously at him as the train enters a tunnel. Fellini then shot an alternative ending set around the spaceship on the beach at dusk but with the intention of using the scenes as a trailer for promotional purposes only. In the documentary Fellini: I'm a Born Liar , co-scriptwriter Tullio Pinelli explains how he warned Fellini to abandon the train sequence with its implicit theme of suicide for an upbeat ending. After shooting wrapped on 14 October, Nino Rota composed various circus marches and fanfares that would later become signature tunes of the maestro's cinema.
First released in Italy on 14 February , Otto e mezzo received virtually unanimous acclaim, with reviewers hailing Fellini as "a genius possessed of a magic touch, a prodigious style". He's afraid of life and wants to return to his mother's womb In some respects he resembles Leopold Bloom , the hero of James Joyce 's Ulysses , and we have the impression that Fellini has read and contemplated this book.
The film is introverted, a sort of private monologue interspersed with glimpses of reality Fellini's dreams are always surprising and, in a figurative sense, original, but his memories are pervaded by a deeper, more delicate sentiment. This is why the two episodes concerning the hero's childhood at the old country house in Romagna and his meeting with the woman on the beach in Rimini are the best of the film, and among the best of all Fellini's works to date".
Reviewing for Corriere della Sera , Giovanni Grazzini underlined that "the beauty of the film lies in its 'confusion' It is impossible to distinguish Fellini from his fictional director and so Fellini's faults coincide with Guido's spiritual doubts. The osmosis between art and life is amazing. It will be difficult to repeat this achievement. The film became the most difficult feat the director ever tried to pull off. It is like a series of acrobats [sic] that a tightrope walker tries to execute high above the crowd, But at just the right moment, the acrobat knows how to perform the right somersault: with a push he straightens up, saves himself and wins".
It has aged twenty years of the avant-garde in one fell swoop because it both integrates and surpasses all the discoveries of experimental cinema".
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Levine , who had bought the rights sight unseen, the film was screened at the Festival Theatre in New York City in the presence of Fellini and Marcello Mastroianni. Crist "didn't think the film touched the heart or moved the spirit". If Mr. There will be more people here who consider it confused and confusing. It ranked number two on the magazine's Directors' Top Ten Poll and number eight on the Critics' Top Ten Poll  and stayed within the top ten, but slightly lower in the poll number four on the directors' poll  and ten on the critics' poll.
It is, in a larger sense, about finding true personal happiness within a difficult, fragmented life. The title is in keeping with Fellini's self-reflexive theme: the making of his eighth-and-a-half film.
The Tony-winning Broadway musical, Nine score by Maury Yeston , book by Arthur Kopit is based on the film, underscoring Guido's obsession with women by making him the only male character. The Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists awarded the movie all seven prizes for director , producer , original story, screenplay, music , cinematography, and best supporting actress Sandra Milo.
The film screened in April at the Cannes Film Festival  to "almost universal acclaim but no prize was awarded because it was shown outside the competition.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Original theatrical poster. Cineriz Francinex. Italy France .
London: British Film Institute. Retrieved 27 December Retrieved 4 April Otto et mezzo , however, not only outdistances by many years almost all films currently made but impacts our narrative at the most sensitive moment of the friction between convention and avant-garde, and may well provide a boost in the direction of the experimental, i.
Affron, 5. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 18 March Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 25 July The documentary L'Ultima sequenza also discusses the lost sequence. Fava and Vigano, Retrieved on 21 December His tenth tip: "Read my book! An explanation of theatre as art form, with a checklist of aspects of a theatre piece that can be helpful when working with a play text or creating new work.
A list of colors, textures, emotions, and elements that can elicit both personal and cultural associations. A guide to the process of responding to the text of a play, with suggestions on recording the immediate reaction, analysis, structure, interpretation, and research. A graphic organizer to use as a guide for recording responses to a play text. A graphic organizer to help with thinking about your directorial intention and the impact you would like your piece of theatre to have on an audience.
Cecil B. DeMille
A graphic organizer for sketching out ideas on staging specific moments of the text, focusing on those related to tension, emotion, atmosphere, and meaning. Checklist of the steps to go through when working with a play text. Examples of Director's Notebooks. Assessed student work from IB Publishing, readable online only.
Markbands achieved and examiner comments for Director's Notebook example. Table of contents only from assessed student work from IB Publishing, readable online only.
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